Phoenix Indian Community -
| | | | | | | | | | | |


Today In Indian History - Historical Events of India

DateEvent Name
8/15/1947 Indian Independence Day.
8/15/1772 Divani and Faujdary courts seperated by East India Company.
8/15/1854 The first train of the East Indian Railways steamed out of Howrah station destined for Hoogly, which was at a distance of 24 miles. It was the first passenger train catering to public traffic. Officially, it was inaugurated in 1855.
8/15/1867 Bhartendu Harishchandra publishes a Hindi monthly 'Kavi Vachan Sudha'.
8/15/1872 Sri Aurobindo Man Mohan Ghosh born in Calcutta. He was a renaissance yoga philosopher, freedom fighter and teacher. His 30-volume work discusses the 'superman', a metaphor for the divinely transformed individual soul. He withdrew from the world in 1910 and founded International Ashram in Pondicherry.
8/15/1918 Hans Kumar Tiwari, famous poet and translater, was born.
8/15/1921 Amrit Rai, novelist and translater, was born .
8/15/1925 Sadashiv Pandurang Jantre, great freedom fighter and social worker, was born .
8/15/1942 Mahadev Haribhai Desai, an activist and Mahatma Gandhi's personal secretary, died of heart failure at Aga Khan's Palace.
8/15/1947 Sir Cyril Radcliffe Award on the new boundaries of West Punjab, East Punjab, West Bengal, East Bengal and Assam.
8/15/1947 India gains independence from the British rule and Pakistan emerges as a separate Islamic nation. Around 600,000 die in clashes during the subsequent population exchange of 14 million people between the two new countries.
8/15/1947 At the stroke of midnight, India is free after 163 years of British Raj. At the same time Muslims win a degree of freedom from Hindus. They have their own separate dominion Pakistan in the British Commonwealth Sect.
8/15/1947 Paramveer Chakra, Mahaveer Chakra, Veer Chakra instituted as 'Awards for Gallantry'.
8/15/1947 Hindu-Muslim association in Calcutta.
8/15/1947 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru becomes the first Indian Prime Minister of free India.
8/15/1947 Lord Louis Mountbatten took charge as the first British Governor General of Indian Union and occupied this office till June 20, 1948.
8/15/1947 On the the stroke of mid-night on 14th August 1947, India became independent and was partitioned. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first prime minister and Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first president of free India. The mixed economy policy was taken on a five-year plan basis for economic development. On 26th January 1950, India became a democratic and is the biggest democracy of the world today. In 1956, on the basis of languages, India was divided into 14 states and 6 union territories. Today, there are 27 states and 7 union territories.
8/15/1947 India and Pakistan gain independence (dominion status). Lord Mountbatten becomes Governor General of India and Mohammad Ali Jinnah is appointed the Governor General of Pakistan. Independent India's first cabinet meeting with Jawaharlal Nehru as Prime Minister held. Members of the first Cabinet were: 1. J. L. Nehru - PM, External and Commonwealth Relations and Scientific Research, 2. Sardar Patel - Home Information and Broadcasting and States, 3. Dr. Rajendra Praised - Food and Agriculture, 4. Maulana Azad - Education, 5. John Mathai - Railways and Transport, 6. Sardar Baldev Singh - Defence, 7. Jagjivan Ram - Labour, 8. C. H. Bhabha - Commerce, 9. R. A. Kidwai - Communications, 10. Rajkumari Amrit Kaur - Health, 11. B. R. Ambedkar - Law 12. R. K. Sanmukham Chetty - Finance, 13. Shyama Prasad Mookerji - Industries and Supplies, 14. N. V. Gadgil - Works, Mines and Power.
8/15/1947 The Defence department becomes the Ministry of Defence under a Cabinet Minister. Each service was placed under its own Commander-in-Chief. Under the Constitution, the supreme command of the Armed Forces was vested with the President.
8/15/1947 The Indian independence divided not only the country but its armed forces as well. These units came down and their equipment was transferred to the newly created Royal Pakistan Air Force. Thus, the principal components of the Royal Indian Air Force, during the partition, were nos. 3, 4, 7, 8 and 10 Squadrons with Tempest US, No. 2 Squadron with Spitfires and No. 12 Squadron with C-47s and No. 1 Air Observation Flight (AOF). The establishment of this AOF with AOP Auster 4s, 5s and 6s, coincided with independence. No. 6 Squadron, which had been in process of converting from Spitfires to C-47s at Drigh Road, had been stood down and its transports transferred to Pakistan.
8/15/1947 Brigadier Thakur Mahadeo Singh was the first Indian Commandant. He was the DSO of Indian Militery Academy.
8/15/1949 Chandernagore joins the Indian Union. Panchayati Raj inaugurated in 114,000 villages.
8/15/1950 Indian Constitution goes into effect.
8/15/1950 Earthquake measuring 8.6 on Richter Scale hits Assam in north eastern India claiming 11,000 lives.
8/15/1955 Satyagrah started for the freedom of Goa.
8/15/1960 Maharashtra State Sahkari Grihvitta Corporation was established.
8/15/1965 Television starts in New Delhi.
8/15/1968 Marathwada', a daily newspaper, published.
8/15/1969 Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) formed under Department of Atomic Energy.
8/15/1972 Postal Index Number (PIN Code) of 6-digits was introduced.
8/15/1979 Tukoji Holkar, a leader of Peshwa kingdom, dies.
8/15/1982 Doordarshan's national programme and the first nationwide colour transmission started by Delhi Doordarshan.
8/15/1985 Accord reached on the Assam foreign nationals issue, agitation called off.
8/15/1990 Uttar Maharashtra University was established.
8/15/1990 GOI declares Prophet Mohammed's birthday a national holiday.
8/15/1990 India successfully test fires 'Akash', an advanced medium range surface to air missile.
8/15/1992 Karnataka seeks army help to nab sandal wood smuggler Veerappan.
8/15/1993 Five more Doordarshan channels launched.
8/15/1994 At Churchgate railway station on platform No.1, noted film actor A.K. Hangal signalled the start of theatre in a train by waving a green flag.
8/15/1994 Sukumar Gupta, a socialist, dies.
8/15/1995 P.V Narasimha Rao introduces the mid-day meal scheme for the primary school children under the Central Government Welfare Programme.
8/15/1996 Deve Gowda speaks in Hindi on the occasion of the 50th Independence Day.
8/15/1997 Freedom fighter's pension to be doubled from the existing Rs. 1,500.
8/15/1997 The Government bans doctors from determining the sex of the foetus.
8/15/1997 IWM Vijayalakshmi wins Asian Zonal Women's Chess tournament in Tehran.
8/15/1997 K.Sasikaran gets third IM norm in British Open Chess tournament.
8/15/1997 K. R. Narayanan, President, posthumously confers nation's highest peace-time gallantry award 'Ashok Chakra' to second Lieutenant Puneet Dutta.
8/15/1998 Golden jubilee celebrations of the Indian Independence ends.
8/15/1999 Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Prime Minister, says Agni-2 to be inducted in the defence arsenal.
8/15/2000 Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Prime Minister, says in his Independence Day address, ""Borders cannot be redrawn either in the name of religion or on the strength of the sword"".


Other Historical Dates and Events
7/9/1873Henry Albert John Gidney, greatest leader and politician, was born in Igatpuri, Maharashtra.
7/10/1998India says it wont sign the CTBT unconditionally and invites Pakistan to join in disarmament efforts.
8/4/2000Justice Brij Mohan Lal was sworn in chairman of the Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission.
6/30/1965Cease-fire was agreed under UN auspices between India and Pakistan, who signed treaty to stop the war at Rann of Kutch.
6/18/1994The strength of the Sikkim Sangram Parishad ministry led by Sanchaman Limboo reduced to 14 in the 32-member house.
1/18/1930Gurudev Rabindranath Thakur (Tagore) and Mahatma Gandhi met at Sabarmati Ashram.
7/13/1912Shriman Narayan, educationist, administrator and diplomat, was born in Etawah, U.P.
11/6/1997Supreme Court acquits former Union Minister for Power and Food Kalpanath Rai held under TADA for alleged harbouring of an accused in ""1992 Bombay J.J. Hospital shootout case'
10/15/1676King of England permitted the East India Company to mint the Rupee and Paisa coins at Bombay.
4/6/2000The Government permits use of LPG as auto fuel.